ARCHEOLOGICAL AREAS

 

 

The Yucatan Peninsula is one of the areas with more history in Mexico. It is home of many ancient Mayan cities, some already available to visit and others still in the heart of the jungle, waiting to be discovered. The Mayan culture is a civilization dating from 200 B.C. These people were famous for its art and architecture, but also for its unique mathematical and astronomical systems. As an example, Mayan calendars are still the most precise time measurement in the whole world. The Yucatan Peninsula is home to many reminders of this ancient and rich culture. Visitors to the Riviera Maya can explore many impressive examples of its architecture, as their heritage still alive today.

 

 

We take you to visit one of the new Seven Wonders of the World, the “Kukulkan Temple” in Chichen Itzá. The Riviera Maya is home to many other existing examples of the original Mayan civilization, including Coba, Ek Balam and Tulum.


CHICHEN ITZA, VALLADOLID, CENOTE (10 Hours)

 

 

Chichen Itza is located 115 kilometers from the city of Merida, Yucatan, taking Highway No. 180 to the town of Piste, which is 2 kilometers from the archaeological site. It is the best example of migration that occurred in Mesoamerica in the Early Post Classic, bringing together features of both cultural elements of the Maya area and the center of Mexico, particularly Tolteca affiliation. Also, Chichen Itza was the capital of a vast territory in the Yucatan Peninsula, led by the League of Mayapan, 987 to 1200 d. C. This archaeological zone is still famous worldwide for the effect that occurs of light and shadow at each equinox on the steps of the pyramid base known as The Castle. Here the sun, as it moves up over the horizon, illuminates the west side of the alfarda basement, creating triangles of light and shadow that seems to descend all the way down to the snakehead in the rudeness of the balustrade. This event, made from the correct orientation and inclination of the planes of the base, shows the high level of astronomical and architectural knowledge that the Maya possessed, and which has resulted in one of the most studied regions and cultures, in addition to the territorial political organization and exploitation of resources.

 

 

Chichen Itza has been declared Human Heritage by the UNESCO and the Kukulkan Temple is now considered one of the new Seven Wonders of the World.

 

 

On the way, we visit Ikil cenote and the colonial Town of Valladolid, where you can find a great variety of handmade souvenirs and jewelry, excellent traditional Yucatan food, cenotes, churches and more.

 

 

Includes: Transportation, certified guide, entrance fee, lunch buffet, soft drinks and a visit to Cenote “Ikil” and Valladolid city.

Shared  $75 USD p/p

Private 1-4 people   $ 195 USD p/p   

Private   5-13 people      $ 100 USD p/p

 


  

TULUM (4 hours)

 

 

In the XVI century, this city was known as Zama, which in Mayan language means “tomorrow” or “dawn”. The name of Tulum is significantly recent and can be traduced as “wall”, referring to the fortress that is still visible in the archeological area today.

 

 

Tulum is the flagship site of the coast of Quintana Roo, due to its prime location and the excellent preservation of its buildings and murals. The main wall delimits the main assembly by the sides north, south and west, and the eastern side faces the Caribbean Sea. It has five accesses and two watchtowers.

 

 

The site is dominated by El Castillo, the highest base of Tulum, which include a temple with three entrances decorated with serpentine columns and two zoomorphic masks on the corners. Opposite the castle, there is a platform for dancing rituals, and southwest the Temple of the Initial Series, where the earliest documented date in Tulum is found: 564 AD.

 

 

To the north, you can find the Temple of the Descending God, with a little foundation where a building decorated with the image of that deity was build. This is the principal iconographic element of the city. Opposite this group is the main road, with several buildings; the most important is the Temple of the Frescoes, whose murals depict a series of supernatural beings living in the Underworld, which is one of the most important testimonies of the pre-Hispanic Mayan mural. Following these buildings, Continued on the road can see the palaces known as the House of Columns and the House of Halach Uinik.

 

 

In the northeast access, the so called Casa del Cenote, documents the importance given to the water by the Mayan culture and how they were linked to the cenotes. The nearby Temple of the Wind God was named after its circular foundation related to Kukulcan, the god of the winds.

 

 

                          

Tulum was the only city located in the Caribbean side and was used by Mayan people as a religious temple and main port for trading merchandises coming from central Mexico and Guatemala. Come and learn about Mayan history and enjoy the exotic views of the Caribbean Sea.

 

 

Includes: Transportation, certified guide, entrance fee, snacks and soft drinks.

Tulum  Shared  $75 USD p/p

Private 1-4 people   $ 95 USD p/p   

Private   5-13 people     $ 80 USD p/p  

+ 40 USD if you want to combine with another activity.

We recommend Tulum excursion to be combined with:

Coba, cenotes, Tankah village, or swimming with turtles.

 


 

COBA (bicycle riding in the jungle)

 

Some hieroglyphic inscriptions on steles and panels of the site allow us to say that Coba was the original name of the city. One of the possible meanings and the most plausible, given its proximity to the lakes, is “ground water”.

 

 

The city of Coba was developed, like all main cities, in the proximity of water, in this case, around five lakes that were essential to its development and survival. With approximately 70km2 extension, the city was interconnected by roads made of large stone, known in Maya as sacbé (white road), with variability in length and width. The longest of them with 100 km., reached the site of Yaxuná, near Chichen Itza. The people of Coba who did not belonged to the powerful class, reside near the center of the city, and their homes were very similar to the modern Mayan houses. The evidence of the earliest human settlements was recorded between 100 BC and 300 AD, consisting of a series of villages in the vicinity of lakes, and where the economy was based on agriculture and hunting.

 

 

The years between 300 and 600 d. C., Coba was developed centralizing political and economic power, controlling several nearby villages. More than 50 roads for internal communication between towns and regions were built between 600 AD and 800 AD, when the majority of the stelae site was also erected.

 

 

The construction boom of the city occurred between 800 and 1000 AD, when the road network was expanded, new buildings were constructed and its relations with the Gulf Coast narrowed and the decreased in the Petén region. Its hegemonic power began to weaken between 1000 and 1450 d. C., when the city received new influences from groups more “mexicanized”. A new architecture is introduced and incorporated into the existing buildings and most of its sculpted monuments, relocated to small platforms and niches.

Coba host the temple of Nohoch Mul, 120 ft. high and more than 100 steps. This is the highest temple in the Peninsula and the only one left for visitors to climb. It is a privileged spot to observe the entire jungle from such a high platform. Within this city in the middle of the jungle, you can observe the Mayan ball game court used as a ceremonial place.

 

 

You can choose between personal bicycles, walking or the famous Mayan bike-taxi to do the excursion within the ancient city and its temples.

 

 

Coba  Shared  $70 USD p/p

Private 1-4 people   $ 150 USD p/p   

Private   5-13 people      $ 100 USD p/p  

+ 40 USD if you want to combine with another activity.

Activities to combine

Tulum, cenote swimming, snorkel with turtles or ceviche on the beach.

 


 

 

MAYAN VILLAGE OF TANKAH  

 

 

Tankah is an old Mayan village where the first Mayan people settled down before the city of Tulum was built.  In this village we do activities such as walking through the village, zip lining, kayak, cenote swimming and try some traditional Yucatan food.

 

 

We have buffet with vegetables and fruits for vegetarians and vegans.

This activity is recommended to be combined with Coba or Tulum archaeological sites (6 hours).

Private 1-4 people   $ 150 USD p/p   

Private   5-13 people      $ 100 USD p/p